▼Skin disease is actually one of the most common diseases in pets. Whether it is a dog or a cat, a short-haired dog or a long-haired dog, they are very susceptible to skin diseases.
Common types of dog skin diseases are: fungi, mites, bacteria, eczema, pyoderma, dermatitis, or mixed infections. The symptoms of these skin diseases are: redness, hair loss, abscesses, ulcers, scabs, itching, pimples, dandruff and more!
▲There are three main causes of fungal skin diseases: Microsporum, Microsporum gypsum, and Phytophthora. The most common is Microsporum canis.
Once the skin is infected by Microsporum canis, you will often see small circles the size of a dime on the skin, there will be sticky blood, erythema, and crusts will form from scratches by pets. After a fungal infection, you will notice an oval shedding of your pet's fur.
▲Microsporum and fungus are both medical names, and the usual ones like ringworm of dogs and ringworm of cats are mostly caused by microspores. Ringworm of dogs and ringworm of cats are a kind of fungal skin diseases, but fungus Infection is not just ringworm!
▲Ringworm is a canine skin disease caused by fungi originating from pets' heads, paws, ears, front upper limbs and other parts. Dogs with ringworm will have inflamed, scaly small circles locally, and can also cause the dog's hair loss, underage dogs are most prone to this disease, and the disease is also easy to spread!
- The affected area of pet fungal skin disease is generally oval or round, and the boundary with healthy skin is obvious, while the affected area of mites or other skin diseases has no regular shape, and the boundary with healthy skin is not very clear!
- The surface of the affected part of the fungus is generally covered with loose and dry light gray crusts, which are easy to peel off. The skin on the affected area of the mites thickens and forms folds, which are prone to infection, ulceration, and some may also purify and smell foul.
- Small abscesses form after secondary bacterial infection under the fungal skin scab. After removing the scab, the damaged skin is honeycomb-like with many exuding holes. After the skin of the mites forms small nodules, it turns into blisters. After breaking, a yellow oily sticky substance oozes out. After drying, a fish scale crust is formed.
- Fungal itching is not so strong, but the affected area of mites will be more itchy. For example, scabies mites will be very itchy, and pets will often scratch their affected areas and rub against walls.
▲ After talking about fungi, let's talk about mites, which are divided into two categories: scabies mites, ear mites, demodex mites, and demodic mites are divided into two types, desquamation type and pustule type.
Let's start with Demodex mites, which usually appear in the orbits and extremities. Around the back and lower neck, as well as around the mouth, the lesions will be very fast, and will spread to the whole body in about a week, and if it is delayed for a long time, there will be a secondary bacterial infection, which will show pustules or pustules. Swollen lymph nodes and symptoms of increased body temperature.
Demodex mites can spread into a systemic infection, with reddened skin, many pustules on the neck, underarms, back, and under the abdomen, while desquamative sebaceous dandruff around the nose and eyes is severe.
Demodex mites can be said to be the most troublesome skin disease. It has 2 difficulties, 1. The treatment cycle is long, and 2 is easy to be inherited .
First of all, Demodex mites are a kind of skin disease caused by parasitic on hair follicles or sebaceous glands. The conventional method in the hospital is to treat by injection, that is, injection to clear the disease, one injection per week, usually at least four injections, which is also a month of conservative treatment.
▲ Dog scabies mites
Scabies mites occur on the head of dogs (the bridge of the nose, the orbit of the eyes, the base of the auricle), and sometimes on the front chest, under the abdomen, armpits, inner thighs, and the base of the tail, etc., and then spread to the whole body.
In the early stage of the disease, erythema appears on the skin, and then the erythema develops into small nodules. Small blisters or even pustules can be seen in areas where the skin is thinner.
There can be a lot of scaling, or a crusted eczema, which can thicken the skin. As the disease progresses, hair loss occurs with a scab on the surface, and when the scab is removed or the scab falls off, the skin is bright red and moist, and often bleeds.
Dogs with scabies mites are itchy, biting and rubbing the affected area all day long; they are irritable; their digestion and absorption functions are reduced, and they are getting thinner and thinner. If there is no effective treatment, they are very easy to die. And if mange mites develop around the eyes, it is likely to cause blindness.
Dermatitis is an inflammation of the dermis and epidermis of the skin. There are many causes of dog dermatitis. They are can be roughly divided into: seborrheic dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, bacterial dermatitis, allergic dermatitis and so on. The affected part is more common in the back, auricle, tail and back, under the chest, hands, feet, elbows, knee joints, tail, etc.
The main causes are as follows: genetics, endocrine disorders, nutritional deficiencies, skin infections, contact or consumption of improper flowers, food, parasites, etc.
But, most dogs have red and swollen skin in flakes, strips or indeterminate shapes. When there is exudation, it may be covered with crusts. When the skin is damaged, erosion or ulcers may appear, and local itching may occur.
▲When the skin is covered with a large number of inflammatory exudates and chronic dermatitis, it can be seen that the skin coat is shedding. The skin is thickened and chapped.
When suffering from fungal dermatitis, the affected part loses hair, and there is a white powdery scab , and there are red protrusions under and around the scab.
When suffering from parasitic dermatitis, red rash-like nodules can be seen on the head, back, and abdomen, with yellow crusts on the surface, hair loss and severe itching.
▲ Dog pyoderma
If a dog has pyoderma, there will usually be pustules, small pustules and purulent secretions, skin rupture, folliculitis and other symptoms in the place. Severe dog pyoderma will cause skin ulceration, foul odor, sores facial oozing blood is covered with purulent secretions.
Pyoderma is a simple purulent skin infection such as allergies, seborrheic dermatitis, rashes or scabies. When the skin is damaged, bacteria can take the opportunity to enter the hair follicle.
▲Superficial bacterial folliculitis
Folliculitis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the hair follicles on the dog's skin, caused by bacteria or fungi. There may be other causes, yet, such as an underlying skin disorder.
The most common cause of folliculitis is Staphylococcus, which enters the hair follicle through a wound on the dog's skin, causing inflammation. Bacterial folliculitis is secondary to the skin disease pyoderma.
Folliculitis in dogs manifests in the dog's armpits, groin, and abdomen, with localized flushing, a scaly appearance, papules or crusts, and swelling.
The symptoms of folliculitis vary, and dogs with different hair lengths have different symptoms of the disease. For example, short-haired dogs are found in the raised hair on the surface of the skin. Among dog breeds, there are many folliculitis cases.
One of the reasons for dogs getting folliculitis is due to some endocrine disorders, so it is best to start with diet and let dogs eat lighter food.
▲ Dog bacterial skin disease
Dog fungi, mites, and bacteria are known as the three most common skin diseases in pets, and bacterial skin diseases are caused by cocci, and many refer to secondary skin infections. When dogs suffer from fungal, parasitic and allergic skin diseases or skin damage caused by autoimmune deficiency, endocrine and other problems, the skin micro-ecological environment of dogs is destroyed, which creates conditions for the reproduction of bacteria and induces Bacterial skin disease! Another possibility is that the dog's immunity is low, causing bacteria to invade the skin, hair follicles and sebaceous glands to cause bacterial infection. The common symptom is many small red pimples all over the body!
Bacterial skin diseases such as pyoderma, cocci, and folliculitis will manifest as hair loss, most of which have itching symptoms, rashes, and increased purulent or bloody secretions. Scabs or purulent secretions can be seen in the affected area, and the body surface emits a fishy odor.
▲ Dog eczema skin disease
Eczema in dogs is common and refers to an inflammatory reaction of the epidermal cells of a dog's skin to a sensitizing substance. Symptoms are skin lesions such as papules, erythema, crusts, blisters, and rotten skin, and symptoms of heat, pain, and itching. In acute attacks, the affected part is erythematous eczema with dots or different shapes, and the dog's body is itchy.
▲ Mixed skin infection
Clinical data show that the highest incidence of dog skin diseases is fungi and mites, and more than half of them are mixed infection or secondary infection of fungal mites. However, mixed infection is not necessarily just fungal mites, but also fungi. Bacteria, or mites bacteria, etc.
When dogs are mixed with infection, it is difficult for us to completely heal with a single or simple drug that only treats fungi or mites. We should use drugs for mixed skin diseases.
What causes skin diseases in dogs?
Many people will ask: Why does my dog have skin diseases, my dog has never been out, I often bathe it, and so on. Is this weird? As long as dogs stay at home, can they be immune to all diseases and live a hundred years? Just like us humans, some people who go to the gym every day to exercise may also catch a cold, get sick or even be hospitalized.
It can be said that it is normal for dogs to suffer from skin diseases. It is closely related to the age of each dog, the breeding environment, the physique, and some small details of the usual dog raising.
Main reasons: hair is not completely dried after bathing, wet and unsanitary environment, rain or lying on water or urine, body surface abrasions, frequent bathing, malnutrition, decreased skin immunity, contact with sick dogs, contact with or Accidental ingestion of allergic substances, mosquito bites, spread of bacteria in the grass, unclean body surface (some people do not bathe dogs once for several months), improper feeding (some people even often give dogs food that humans eat , various irritating seasonings) and so on. These are the common causes of fungus, bacteria, mites, eczema and pyoderma in dogs!
Matters needing attention: If the dog's skin disease has reached moderate to severe, in addition to the use of drugs, additional oral anti-inflammatory drugs such as Suo Nuo or amoxicillin are required, and vitamin B supplementation is required to restore or improve the skin's immune resistance.
In order to facilitate the application of medicine, you can shave the hair around the dog's affected area, but it is not necessary to shave the whole body. You should also put an Elizabethan collar on your dog during medication to prevent the dog from licking the affected area and the medication.
In addition, it is not advisable to eat beef, mutton, chicken, duck, eggs, seafood, animal offal, etc. during the period of dog skin disease. It is recommended to use light dog food as the main food, and can be fed with hypoallergenic formula or dog food with low protein content. Remember Foods that are too salty, greasy and spicy should not be fed.
Are dog skin diseases contagious to humans?
Pet skin diseases are not necessarily contagious to humans. Under normal circumstances, skin diseases caused by dog mites and bacterial infections are not contagious to humans.
However, skin diseases caused by fungi can be transmitted to people, such as cat moss dog moss, etc., but it does not mean that contact is 100% certain, but there is a possibility. There are also skin diseases caused by external parasites in dogs, such as fleas and ticks on dogs, which can spread to humans.
Can a dog with skin disease take a bath?
You can take a bath during skin diseases. Bathing can remove scabs, scabs, and some dirt and bacteria from your pet, but you must use a pet-specific shower gel. However, it is not advisable to take a bath too often during skin diseases, and the hair must be dried.
Prevention of pet skin diseases
Once your dog gets sick, not only will your dog suffer, but as a dog keeper, you will also need to spend more time, energy and money to treat and take care of them when you are sad, so you must do preventive work in daily life.
- Bathe your dog , but be sure to use a dog-specific body wash. It is important to choose a body wash that is suitable for their skin, but don't overdo it.(Belewe has been focusing on pet skin health for 20 years. According to the difference of dog hair, different types of dog shampoo have been launched to provide lasting moisturizing and protection to the dog's skin, and continue to resist bacterial and fungal damage in daily life, so that you and your dog are safe and happy to play
- Regular deworming in vitro and in vivo.
- Your dog's daily living and playing environment should be dry, hygienic and cleaned . The wet and cold environment is prone to skin diseases.
- After feeding your dog food and water, remember to dry the dog's mouth, and dry it completely after taking a bath or if the body is wet.
- Daily feeding should not be too salty or too sweet, let alone food that people eat. Malnutrition or single nutrition can also lead to vitamin and mineral deficiencies in dogs, resulting in poor skin resistance.
- Take your dog out for a walk often, bask in the sun, and ultraviolet rays are conducive to the prevention and treatment of skin diseases.